Peasants and Classes: A Study in Differentiation in Bangladesh - Atiur RahmanLondon & New Jersey: Zed Books, 1986, Paperback.
Condition: Very Good. Previous owners' name to the upper wrapper verso. A little age-toning to the edges of the text block. Text complete, clean and tight.
Contains: Graphs; Tables; References; Glossary;
From the cover: “This is a pioneering application in a Third World context of two competing theories about how social stratification develops within a peasantry. With economic inequality in Third World rural populations on the increase and the majority of peasants becoming further impoverished, the causes and consequences of these processes need to be understood.
Dr Rahman outlines how the Russian Neo-populist School associated with Chayanov, and its modern representatives (Shanin and others), have argued that natural and demographic factors were primarily responsible for the differentiation of the peasantry. Consequently, if these trends are reversed, the trend towards proletarianization and differentiation can be halted. In striking contrast, Lenin and the theorists who have followed in his footsteps argued that the causes are inherent in the workings of rural capitalism and therefore irreversible short of a socialist revolution.
The author tests the contrasting hypotheses of these two Schools in a detailed comparison of two representative villages in Bangladesh. He shows how the poor are getting poorer, peasants being dispossessed as the rich enlarge their landholdings and other material elements of production, and rural proletarianization making headway. The causes lie not in family size or an adverse environment, but in the breakdown of traditional relations of production and exchange due to capitalist penetration, backed by the State and fuelled by the Green Revolution. Increasing mass impoverishment and political unrest are the most likely long-term consequences.”